UOP LLC

Honeywell UOP, formerly known spil UOP LLC or Universal Oil Products, is a multi-national company developing and delivering technology to the petroleum refining, gas processing, petrochemical production, and major manufacturing industries.

National Hydrocarbon Company

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The company’s roots date back to 1914, when the revolutionary Dubbs thermal cracking process created the technological foundation for today’s modern refining industry. Te the ensuing decades, UOP engineers generated thousands of patents, leading to significant advances te process technology, profitability consultation, and equipment vormgeving. [1]

Contents

UOP wasgoed founded te 1914 to exploit the market potential of patents held by inventors Jesse A. Dubbs and his son, Doorslag Petroleum (C. P.) Dubbs. Perhaps because he wasgoed born ter Pennsylvania oil country, Jesse Dubbs wasgoed enamored with the oil business. He even named his son Doorslag after one of the superficial constituents of oil. Straks, Doorslag added the P. to make his name “euphonious,” he said. People commenced calling him “Petroleum” for joy, and the name stuck. C. P.’s son and grandson were also named Doorslag, but each had a different middle initial. [Two] [Trio]

When founded ter 1914 it wasgoed a privately held stiff known spil the National Hydrocarbon Company. J. Ogden Armour provided initial seed money and kept the stiff going the very first years it lost money. [Four] [Three] Most of the losses were incurred during lengthy permitido battles with petroleum firms that were using technology patented by Dubbs.

Te 1919 the rock-hard’s name became Universal Oil Products.

By 1931, petroleum firms witnessed a possible competitive advantage to possessing UOP. A consortium of firms banded together to purchase the rigid. Thesis firms were Shell Oil Company, Standard Oil Company of California, Standard Oil Company of Indiana, Standard Oil Company of Fresh Chaleco, The Texas Company, and N. V. den Bataafsche Petroleum Samenleving. This worried oil firms that were not part of the group and it helped prompt the Justice Department to start an investigation of this opstelling spil a possible disturbance of antitrust laws.

The oil firms placed the assets of UOP into a trust to support the American Chemical Society. Te 1959 UOP went public and the income from that sale still provides monies to the American Chemical Society to administer grants to universities worldwide. [Two]

Te August 1988 Union Carbide Corporation and AlliedSignal formed a snaak venture combining the latter’s wholly possessed subsidiary, UOP Inc., and the Catalyst, Adsorbents and Process Systems (CAPS) business of Union Carbide.

AlliedSignal acquired Honeywell te 1999 and assumed the latter’s name. Te 2005, what wasgoed now known spil Honeywell acquired Union Carbide’s stake te UOP, making it again a wholly wielded subsidiary. The reported payment to Union Carbide wasgoed $835 million, valuing UOP at $1.6 billion. [Five]

The UOP Riverside research and development laboratory wasgoed conceived te 1921 by Hiram J. Halle, the chief executive officer of Universal Oil Products (now simply UOP), spil a focal point where the best and brightest scientists could create fresh products and provide scientific support for the oil refining industry. Inbetween 1921 and 1955, Riverside research resulted te 8,790 U.S. and foreign patents and provided the foundation on which UOP built its success. [Two]

The company benefited immensely by the addition to its research staff of Professor Vladimir Ipatieff, famous Russian scientist known internationally for his work ter high-pressure catalysis. His contribution te catalytic chemistry talent UOP a position of leadership ter the development of catalysis spil applied to petroleum processing, the very first being catalytic polymerization. Vladimir Haensel, a student of Ipatieff’s, joined UOP and developed Platforming te the 1950s. This process used very puny amounts of platinum spil a catalyst for the high yield of high-octane gasoline from petroleum-based feeds. [6]

UOP products fall into two groupings, physical products that can be seen, and technology products that provide skill and vormgeving. Physical products tend to be items used within a refinery or petrochemical plant to help convert chemicals into a desired product. Technology products tend to be based upon the capability to convert one chemical into another, refine crude oil, and separate chemicals from each other. For example: One area of UOP’s expertise is fluid catalytic cracking that violates long-chain hydrocarbons from crude oil into shorter compounds.

Adsorption separation technology Edit

Distillation is the most common way to separate chemicals with different boiling points. The greater the difference ter boiling points, the lighter it is to do. However, when boiling points are too similar, this isn’t feasible. Adsorption separation might be possible. Ter adsorption separation, a combination of chemicals flows past a porous solid called the adsorbent and some chemicals tend to “dangle out” longer. A valid analogy is to imagine a busy street with people walking te the same direction past excellent places to eat. The hungriest people will tend to zekering right away. The people that were pretty total will make it far down the street. Now imagine flooding the entire town with water and everyone runs out where you can collect them according to how thirsty they were. Te technical terms the liquid flush is called the desorbent.

This type of separation wasgoed very first commonly used ter the laboratory to separate petite test samples. UOP pioneered a method of separating large volumes of chemicals. They call the counter-current embodiment of it the Sorbex family of processes. [7] Thesis are the major ones designed by UOP:

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MX Sorbex: separation of meta-xylene from a mixed of xylene isomers

Molex: linear paraffins from branched and cyclic hydrocarbons

Olex: olefins from paraffins

Cresex: para-cresol or meta-cresol from other cresol isomers

Cymex: para-cymene or meta-cymene from other cymene isomers

Sarex: fructose from mixed sugars

Renewable fuels technology Edit

Ter 2008, UOP exposed its Ecofining process which takes vegetable oils, or lipids, and converts them into replacements for dieselmotor and jet fuels. The resultant fuels from this refining process are indistinguishable from existing fossil-based petro-diesels and jet fuels. [8]

Catalytic converter Edit

Most of UOP’s work is not known to the comĂșn public since most applications are within refineries and petrochemical plants. However, one technology UOP helped developed is emparentado to automobile owners. During the 1970s, UOP worked on pioneering a combined muffler catalytic converter. To help publicize their work they sponsored CanAm and Formula One teams. The wedren cars used were developed by Shadow Racing Cars. Many wedloop ventilatoren were drawn to the team’s innovative designs and underdog status. UOP eventually achieved a purpose when California adopted the catalytic converter after the UOP governmental relations rep, Donald Gazzaniga, helped thrust legislation through the state Senate and Assembly. [9]

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